The Labrador Retriever or Labrador, even Lab as its often referred to is one of the most popular dog breeds in a number of countries, especially the Western world. This popularity includes the use of disability assistance dogs in many locations used to assist those blind or with autism. As historical gun dogs they are also popular in sporting and hunting events.
Labradors are know for their obedience, loyalty, even tempered mannerisms. They make an excellent family dog able to get along with both children and other animals.
The lab is a curious and exploratory breed with an interest in following scent and highly intelligent. Thus making them perfect for many working roles in hunting and tracking but they have high success rates as guide dogs and care work also.
These dogs mature at roughly three years old, up to this age they can show puppy like energy and often seem hyperactive.
The Labrador Retrievers coat is water resister so the dog doesn't feel the cold when swimming. They have a dry but oily coat and come in three colours, black, yellow or chocolate. There is also a silver lab, a product of cross breeding but this is not an accepted colour by most kennel clubs (the dog would need registered as one of the three original colours).
Labs really like to eat, most are actually missing the POMC gene which regulates appetite and indication of fat stores on the body. Something only found in two types of dog.
European settlers in Newfoundland of Canada first bred the Labrador back in the 1830s from the St Johns Water Dogs. Trading ships between Canada and Poole in the UK mixed the British Hunting dog with the Labrador to create the Labrador Retriever.
The Kennel Club first recognised the bred in 1903, the American Kennel Club, 1917.
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Life span: 12 years or more
Exercise: More then 1 hour pre day
Home size: Large
Coat length size: Short