The Yorkshire Terrier, often know as just Yorkie is one of the smallest dog breads around, they tend to be lively, playful, perhaps a little yappy sometimes and shed very little. They are one of the most popular dog breeds especially with the retired. Due to the alertness and tendency to bark, the Yorkshire Terrier makes excellent guard dogs and will bark any anything new.
Despite their small size, the Yorkie is fairly active, curious and protective. They are an easy dog to train and tend to be either food or praise motivated. They have an air of importance about them due to their confident manner.
The Yorkie has a reputation for barking, barking a lot which has led to the assumption of a yappy small dog. This does make them perfect watch dogs as they will bark at anything new but its possible to resolve any barking problems with training and sometimes even exercise.
The fur is the most important aspect in the look of the Yorkie, fur is traditionally glossy, fine, straight and silky. The coat comes in a number of colours and it requires regular brushing. The Yorkshire Terrier doesn't shed its coat as much as many other dog breeds.
The smallest dog in recorded history was a Yorkshire Terrier named Sylvia, she died in 1945 just two years old. Sylvia measured 6.4cm tall at her shoulders and 8.9cm from nose tip to tail. She weighed just 110g.
Breeding of the Yorkie was mostly in Yorkshire and Lancashire by workers in mines and the cotton / wool mills in the area. Scottish workers came to the area in the mid 18th century with several varieties of terrier which were know at the time as Broken Haired Scotch Terriers. Three dogs names Old Crab, Kitty and another female with name unknown where the original Broken Haired Scotch Terriers. In the 1860s a Yorkshire Terrier named Huddersfield Ben was born, he was a show dog and competed in ratting contests, he was one of the most popular stud dogs of the era and won 74 prizes in his career, he produced most of the foundation stock of the current Yorkshire Terrier.
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Life span: 12 years or more
Exercise: Up to 30 mins per day
Home size: Small
Coat length size: Long